Professor and Director of European Studies, Johns Hopkins SAIS
Director, Bologna Institute for Policy Research
Senior Research Fellow, Nuffield College
Senior Advisor, Oxford Analytica
Welcome to my personal home page. Here you can find some samples of recent research as well as a reasonably up-to-date CV. Please note that any draft work posted on this page should not be cited without checking with me first. Any and all comments are welcome.
The short story is that I did my BA (AB) at Princeton University, and my MA and PhD at Johns Hopkins SAIS. As an academic, I have worked at the Centre for European Policy Studies, the Central European University, the University of Nottingham, and most recently the Johns Hopkins Bologna Center. For the period from 2011 to 2013, I have the privilege of being a Senior Research Fellow at Nuffield College in Oxford. In addition, I am a regular commentator on E!Sharp, a contributing editor to the IISS journal Survival and I sit on the editorial boards for The International Spectator, the Journal of European Public Policy, Government and Opposition, and the Journal of European Integration. I also serve on scientific committee for the Istituto Carlo Cattaneo and the steering committee for the Standing Group on the European Union of the European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR).
In addition to my academic work, I also serve as Senior Advisor for Oxford Analytica, which is a global analysis and advisory firm. This association with Oxford Analytica gives me the chance to say something about what I think is happening in Europe. You can register to receive my weekly Europe Compass from Oxford Analytica.
If you want the long story, you can find my curriculum vitae here.
Here are a few things that may come in handy if I ever have the privilege of speaking at your institution or you ever have the obligation of having to introduce me or to advertize an event I am attending. You may find this material a lot easier to work with than a clunky academic CV. Since I live here in Italy, I am also including versions in Italian. This kit includes:
- a short profile in English and Italian;
- a long profile in English;
- a long profile in Italian; and,
- a high resolution photograph.
My research interests fall broadly in the field of political economy. In essence, this means that I try to answer questions about how politics influences economics and how economics influences politics. I wrote my first book on the politics surrounding Europe's economic and monetary union published by Rowman & Littlefield. For a sampling of the reviews, see:
When I wrote the book on EMU, I hoped that the debate about monetary integration would slowly fade away. With the benefit of hindsight, I suppose that is one of my least impressive predictions. Instead, things have turned against me (and, more important, the single currency). The crisis in Greece is of particular concern. For those who are interested, I have collected my recent work on the single currency and the financial crisis in two packets together with explanatory notes to guide you through the reading. These packets include journal articles, breifing notes, and chapters from edited volumes. The arguments I make can be summarized as follows.
- First, it was always clear that EMU could create a fiscal problem -- especially in smaller member states. The 2003 article where I make that prediction is the first in the pack.
- Second, the problem with the eurozone has very little to do with the theory of optimum currency areas or any conventional (or even comprehensible) notion of competitiveness. Indeed, the euro has done more to stabilize economic performance during the crisis than most observers tend to appreciate.
- Third, this lack of appreciation is dangerous because it threatens to undermine the functioning of the eurozone.
- Finally, the only way forward is through macroeconomic rebalancing -- which is necessary both in Europe and across the world economy.
You can download the collection by clicking on EMU and the Financial Crisis and The Sovereign Debt Crisis and the Future of the Euro. My solution to the problem is to move toward a common issue 'eurobond' that could be used to underpin the stability and growth pact. I am hardly unique in making that proposal and there is a group of actors across Europe working along similar lines. My thoughts are sketched in a pair of recent policy briefs -- one published by ISPI in Milan and the other by the Fundación Alternativas in Madrid. After I drafted the first of those briefs, I leaned about two other groups working on a similar proposal -- one led by John Springford at CentreForum in the UK; the other by Jakob von Wieszaecker while he was still at Bruegel.
The debate about the eurobond proposal has been considerable. My own belief is that the creation of a eurobond with limited drawing rights offers the best solution to the European sovereign debt crisis. Alas, many people in Europe do not agree and opposition in Germany is considerable. This packet of essays reproduces my original proposals together with subsequent opinion pieces, comments, and speeches. Throughout, I have tried to explain why moving toward a eurobond is better than the alternatives. I also suggest why the creation of a eurobond is a less drastic reform than many suspect.
Fortunately, the eurozone crisis seems to be moving into a more quiet phase. In part, that is due to decisive action at the European Central Bank. It is also due to more incremental progress being made by Europe's heads of state and government in the development of a banking union. I have a fourth packet of essays on the European endgame. These essays carry the story up through the end of 2012. Let's hope that the title for that packet does not prove overly optimistic.
My second book is on the relationship between economic adjustment and political change in Belgium and the Netherlands. That book was published by Oxford University Press in May 2008. Here is a copy of the cover.
The image next to the book cover gives you a sense of what the book is about -- it is a "wordle" generated from the text of the book. The larger the words, the more often they are used. This is about as artistic as I get.
I was invited to launch the book in Belgium at the Itinera Institute, which is a relatively new think tank devoted to public policy research. The event was well covered by the Flemish press. For a sample of the commentary, see:
The people at Itinera were terrific and I am very grateful for their willingness to organize and publicize the event. They also agreed to publish a short paper based on the book which you can find here.
The academic reviews of the book can be found here:
My third book is jointly written with Dana Allin from the IISS in London and looks at the future of United States global leadership. The title is Weary Policeman: American Power in an Age of Austerity. This was a fun piece that we developed over a couple of years through essays we wrote either jointly or separately for Dana's journal Survival.
Edited Books and Special Issues
I have co-edited a number of books, among the most recent of which are:
- Oxford Handbook on the European Union. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. With Anand Menon and Stephen Weatherill.
- Europe Today, Fourth Edition. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2011. With Ronald Tiersky and Saskia van Genugten.
- Developments in European Politics 2. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2011. With Paul Heywood, Martin Rhodes, and Ulrich Sedelmeier.
- European Security and the Future of Transatlantic Relations. Rome: Edizioni Nuova Cultura, 2011. With Riccardo Alcaro.
- Italian Politics: Managing Uncertainty. New York: Berghahn Books, 2010. With Marco Giuliani.
- The 2008 Presidential Elections: A Story in Four Acts. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. With Salvatore Vassallo.
- European Responses to the Global Financial Crisis. Bologna: CLUEB, 2009. With Laura Beke.
- The Future of European Foreign Policy. London: Routledge, 2009. With Saskia van Genugten.
I have also edited or co-edited special issues of journals, including:
Sometimes I try to say something for the popular media. This includes a monthly column for E!Sharp, which is an on-line policy magazine run out of Brussels. This is much harder than it looks and I am very grateful to the many people who have helped me find outlets for my essays. I am also grateful to the editors for making sure I make sense. Here is some of the more recent work:
- "Europe's Imperilled Institutions." International Herald Tribune 29 May 2012. With Nader Mousavizadeh. [This link points to the International Herald Tribune website.]
- "Efficient Markets Won't Prevent the Next Crisis." Eurointelligence.com, 10 February 2012. Also published in Italian as "Troppi disoccupati, e' ora di cambiare." La Repubblica, 9 February 2012.
- "Merkel Is Wrong About EU Fiscal Regulation." Foreign Affairs, 12 January 2012. [This link points to the Foreign Affairs website.]
- "No Four-Leaf Clover for Europe." E!Sharp, 1 December 2011. [This is the first of the monthly columns; the rest are available at E!Sharp.]
- "It Is Not About Berlusconi." Eurointelligence.com, 8 November 2011. Also published in Dutch as "Het gaat helemaal niet om Berlusconi." NRC Handelsblad, 09 November 2011.
- "Framing the Eurobond." ISPI Commentary, 1 September 2011. Also published in Italian as "Eurobond: Una scelta contestata." Dirigente, October 2011.
- "Why the EU, and Euro, Will Survive." USA Today, 31 August 2011. With R. Daniel Kelemen.
- "From American Exceptionalism to Overstretch." LSE Ideas, 18 July 2011.
- "Eurocrisis heeft last van Alice in Wonderlands." Joop.nl, 16 July 2011. With Saskia van Genugten.
- "Muddling Through the Sovereign Debt Crisis (2)." E!Sharp, 9 July 2011.
- "Muddling Through the Sovereign Debt Crisis (1)." E!Sharp, 6 July 2011.
- "Euro Plus: Old Wine in Old Bottles." PublicServiceEurope.com, 7 April 2011.
- "Crisis Italie niet om seks." de Volkskrant, 19 February 2011. With Saskia van Genugten.
- "How America Adjusts to Monetary Union." Eurointelligence.com, 28 January 2011. Also published in Italian as "Il fiscal federale e la ricetta USA." La Repubblica, 27 January 2011.
- "Why German Opposition to the Common Eurobond Proposal Is Mistaken." Eurointelligence.com, 16 December 2010. Also published in Italian as "Eurobond di qualita, un'idea per il rigore."La Repubblica, 16 December 2010.
- "Fiscal Discipline Is Not Enough to Stabilize the Euro" EUSA Review 23:3 (Fall 2010) pp. 12-17.
- "Greek Competitiveness Is Not the Issue, Fiscal Discipline Is." Eurointelligence.com, 4 March 2010. Also published in Italian as "Atene, il problema non e' la competitivita'." La Repubblica, 4 March 2010.
- "Tilting the Balance." E!Sharp, November-December 2009.
- "Let's hear it for the euro." E!Sharp, 2 June 2009.
- "The far-right cherishes this crisis." Guardian.co.uk, 13 April 2009. With Saskia van Genugten.
- "Strengthen a fraying trans-Atlantic alliance." Baltimore Sun, 1 April 2009. With John Gans.
- "It's Not Just Greece." Baltimore Sun, 19 December 2008.
- "Ora tocca all'Europa." Il Regno -- Attualita 20 (November 2008) pp. 657-661.
- "Understanding Global Forces." Philadelphia Inquirer, 21 September 2008.
- "On the Side of God." Guardian.co.uk, 12 September 2008.
- "Belgium's Dilemma is Real." Guardian.co.uk, 20 August 2008.
- "Devaluing a Diplomatic Asset." International Herald Tribune, 27 May 2008. With John Gans.
- "The Value of Student Diplomacy." The Boston Globe, 25 May 2008. With John Gans.
- "Italy's Bitterness Could Blight Berlusconi." Financial Times, 17 April 2008.
- "After Berlusconi." Prospect 121 (April 2006) pp. 44-47. [Here is a link to Prospect.]
- "Mis-selling Europe." The World Today 62:1 (January 2006) pp. 17-19.
Recent Articles (selected)
This is a collection of articles that I wrote for periodicals--some of which were anonymously refereed by my peers while others were not. Comments are welcome here as well, although I cannot promise to be able to make them any better.
- "Power, Leadership, and U.S. Foreign Policy." International Spectator 46:3 (September 2011) pp. 19-29.
- "Closing Argument: As Good as It Gets?." Survival 53:3 (June/July 2011) pp. 205-215.
- "Merkel's Folly." Survival 52:3 (June/July 2010) pp. 21-38.
- "The Economic Mythology of European Integration." JCMS 48:1 (January 2010) pp. 89-109.
- "Shifting the Focus: The New Political Economy of Global Financial Imbalances." SAIS Review 29:2 (Summer/Fall 2009) pp. 61-73.
- "Italy and the Euro in the Global Economic Crisis." International Spectator 44:4 (December 2009) pp. 93-103.
- "Output Legitimacy and the Global Financial Crisis: Perceptions Matter." JCMS 47:5 (November 2009) pp. 1085-1105.
- "Elusive Power, Essential Leadership." Survival 51:3 (June-July 2009) pp. 243-252.
- "Look for the Blind Spot where Structural Realism Meets Pluralistic Stagnation." The British Journal of Politics and International Relations 11:2 (May 2009) pp. 225-237.
- "The Euro and the Financial Crisis." Survival 51:2 (April-May 2009) pp. 41-54.
- "Wheeler dealers: Silvio Berlusconi in comparative perspective." Journal of Modern Italian Studies 14:1 (March 2009) pp. 38-45.
- "Writing Bush's Legacy Today (Review Essay)." The International Spectator 42:3 (September 2007) pp. 452-454.
- "Populism in Europe." SAIS Review 27:1 (Winter-Spring 2007) pp. 37-47.
- "Europe's Market Liberalization is a Bad Model for a Global Trade Agenda." Journal of European Public Policy 13:6 (September 2006) pp. 943-957.
- "The Politics of Europe 2004: Solidarity and Integration." Industrial Relations Journal 36:6 (November 2005) pp. 436-455.
- "The Politics of Europe 2003: Differences and Disagreements." Industrial Relations Journal 35:6 (December 2004) pp. 483-499.
- "Public Opinion and Enlargement: A Gravity Approach." European Union Politics 5:3 (September 2004) pp. 331-351 (with Niels van der Bijl).
- "Debating the Transatlantic Relationship: Rhetoric and Reality." International Affairs 80:4 (July 2004) pp. 595-612.
- "End of the European Idea? (Review Essay)" Survival 46:1 (Spring 2004) pp. 155-159.
- "Competing Models for Europe's Constitutional Debate: The Basics." Journal of European Affairs 2:1 (February 2004) pp. 8-19.
- "Comment on Conway." Contemporary European History 13:1 (January 2004) pp. 89-95.
- "The Politics of Europe 2002: Flexibility and Adjustment." Industrial Relations Journal 34:5 (December 2003) pp. 363-378.
- "Cowboys and Lawyers: An Institutionalist Critique of U.S. Foreign Policy." European Political Science 3:1 (Autumn 2003) pp. 7-12.
- "The New Dynamics of 'Old Europe' (Review Article)." French Politics 1:2 (Summer 2003) pp. 233-242.
- “Liberalized Capital Markets, State Autonomy, and European Monetary Union.” European Journal of Political Research 42:2 (March 2003) pp. 111-136.
- “Idiosyncrasy and Integration: Suggestions from Comparative Political Economy.” Journal of European Public Policy 10:1 (February 2003) pp. 141-159.
- "The Politics of Europe 2001: Adversity and Persistence." Industrial Relations Journal 33:5 (December 2002) pp. 376-390.
- “Politics Beyond Accommodation? The May 2002 Dutch Parliamentary Elections.” Dutch Crossing 26:1 (Autumn 2002) pp. 61-78.
- “Consociationalism, Corporatism, and the Fate of Belgium.” Acta Politica 37 (Spring/Summer 2002) pp. 86-103.
- "The Politics of Europe 2000: Unity through Diversity." Industrial Relations Journal 32:5 (December 2001) pp. 362-379.
- "Europe and the Concept of Enlargement." Survival 43:1 (Spring 2001) pp. 155-165 (with Paolo Cecchini and Jochen Lorentzen).
- "The Politics of Europe 1999: Spring Cleaning." Industrial Relations Journal 31:4 (October/November 2000) pp. 247-261.
- "Competitive and Sustainable Development: Logic and Inconsistency." Journal of European Public Policy 6:3 (September 1999) pp. 359-375.
- "Is Competitive Corporatism an Adequate Response to Globalization? Evidence from the Low Countries." West European Politics 22:3 (July 1999) pp. 159-181.
For a full list of publications including contributions to edited volumes, please see my cv (above).
SAIS Bologna Center
Johns Hopkins University
via Belmeloro 11
40126 Bologna, ITALY
Tel: +39 051 291 7886
Fax: +39 051 228 505